Types of Glaucoma Eye Drops

A range of options is offered to treat glaucoma. These include eye drops, laser procedures, and also surgical treatment. All are planned to reduce eye pressure as well as, thus, shield the optic nerve.

Currently, in the UK, glaucoma eye drops are frequently the first choice for dealing with treating glaucoma. For lots of people, a combination of medication and laser therapy can safely regulate eye pressure for several years.

Eye drops made use of in managing glaucoma reduction eye pressure by aiding the eye’s liquid to drain much better and/or lowering the quantity of fluid made by the eye.

Drugs to treat glaucoma are classified by their active ingredient. These consist of: prostaglandin analogs, beta blockers, alpha agonists, carbonic anhydrase preventions, and also rho kinase preventions. In addition, combination medications are readily available for individuals who require more than one sort of medication. An older course of medicines, the cholinergic agonists (such as pilocarpine) are not commonly used nowadays as a result of their side effects.

Xalatan Latanoprost – use, Dosage & Side Effects

Types Of Glaucoma Eye Drops

  1. Prostaglandin analogs consist of Xalatan (latanoprost), Lumigan (bimatoprost), Travatan (Travoprost), as well as Saflutan ™(tafluprost), and they function by raising the discharge of fluid from the eye.
    They have few systemic side effects but are associated with changes to the eye itself, including change in iris color and growth of eyelashes. Depending on the individual, one of these preparations may be more effective and produce fewer side effects. Latanoprost and some formulations of bimatoprost are now available in generic form. Tafluprost is a preservative-free prostaglandin analog.

2) Beta blockers such as timolol are the second most often used class of medication and work by decreasing production of fluid . They are available in generic form and, for that reason, might be less expensive. Timolol is also readily available in a preservative-free solution.

3) Alpha agonists [Alphagan (brimonidine), Iopidine ] work to both reduction manufacturing of fluid and increase drainage. Alphagan has a purite preservative that breaks down into all-natural tear elements and also might be better tolerated in people who have allergic reactions to preservatives in various other eye declines. Alphagan is offered in as a generic form.

4) Carbonic anhydrase preventions (CAIs) lower eye pressure by reducing the manufacturing of intraocular liquid. These are readily available as [Trusopt ® (dorzolamide), Azopt ® (brinzolamide)] in addition to tablets [Diamox (acetazolamide) and also Neptazane ® (methazolamide)] Besides brinzolamide, all CAIs are available in generic kind.

5) Combined medicines can provide a choice for clients that require more than one type of medication. In addition to the ease of making use of one eyedrop container rather than 2, there is reduced direct exposure to preservatives. Cosopt ® is a combination of a beta blocker (timolol) and a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (dorzolamide) and also is readily available in generic form and also as a preservative-free formula (Cosopt ® PF ). Combigan ® incorporates an alpha agonist (brimonidine) with a beta blocker (timolol). Simbrinza ® is a beta blocker-free mix drug containing brinzolamide and brimonidine. Other combination, Xalacom ( Latanoprost and Timolol)